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Evaluation of Infertility

Infertility is a frustrating condition that affects about 15% of couples. The term describes couples who aren’t able to get pregnant after one year of trying, or six months if the woman is 35 or older. Women who get pregnant but suffer from frequent miscarriages may also be infertile.

Infertility Q & A

Does Infertility Only Affect Women?

No. Infertility affects both men and women equally. About one-third of infertility cases are due to problems with the woman and another third are caused by the man. In the remaining one-third of cases, both partners may be infertile or the cause is unknown.

What Causes Infertility?

Several issues can cause infertility in both men and women.

Infertility in Women: Problems with ovulation cause most cases of female infertility. When ovulation doesn’t occur, there’s no egg for the sperm to fertilize. Certain gynecological conditions, such as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), may cause ovulation problems.

Less common problems include:

  • Blocked fallopian tubes due to pelvic inflammatory disease or endometriosis
  • Physical abnormalities in the uterus
  • Uterine fibroids

Infertility in Men: Male infertility involves issues with sperm. A man with infertility may produce very few sperm, or sperm that don’t move normally. It’s possible for a man to be born with conditions that affect his sperm, or for injuries or other damage to occur later in life.

How Can I Find Out if My Partner or I Have Fertility Issues?

When it comes to diagnosing and treating infertility, the team at Columbia Fertility Associates are the best in the field. They begin by performing a comprehensive physical exam and reviewing your medical and sexual histories.

Sometimes, the exam reveals the underlying cause of infertility. In most cases, though, they need to perform more tests, such as:

  • A semen test to examine the man’s sperm
  • A blood test to check for ovulation
  • Ultrasound to examine the woman’s reproductive organs

Discovering the cause of infertility can be a complex, emotional process, but the experts at Columbia Fertility Associates provide compassionate care every step of the way.

How is Infertility Treated?

Your provider at Columbia Fertility Associates recommends the best infertility treatment for you and your partner’s specific needs. Depending on your situation, infertility treatment may include:

  • Medicines to promote ovulation
  • Surgical procedures for the man or woman
  • Artificial insemination
  • In vitro fertilization

The team at Columbia Fertility Associates is dedicated to helping you and your partner achieve a successful pregnancy. Call to book an appointment today to learn more.