Women who are candidates to receive donor eggs fall into two major categories – women with functioning ovaries, and those women without functioning ovaries (menopause).
Women with Functioning Ovaries
- Women who have genetic abnormality, which may be passed on to their children, may elect to use the eggs of another woman who does not have the specific genetic abnormality.
- Women who produce eggs which either do not fertilize or do not lead to pregnancy in prior in vitro fertilization attempts may choose to use eggs from a fertile donor in order to increase their chances of producing a pregnancy.
- Women who are still having menstrual cycles, but are approaching menopause and have not been successful at producing sufficient numbers of eggs for use in in vitro fertilization.
Women without Ovarian Function
- Women born without ovaries (Turner’s syndrome) or whose ovaries have been surgically removed or destroyed by radiation and/or chemotherapy.
- Women who have undergone menopause either prematurely (less than 40 years of age) or normally (above the age of 40).